They are medical doctors who can prescribe psychotropic medications and treatments for psychological disorders. Psychiatrists have specialized medical training in specialties (geriatrics, pediatrics etc.) geared towards individuals and their families.

Mental Health Counseling Clinicians

They get trained through a Master’s degree program in the discipline of psychology (clinical or counseling concentration) from accredited university programs. Their training includes clinical practice, and they may specialize in serving specific client/patient populations; children, adolescents, women, men, elders, families and/or couples, and groups

Clinical psychologists

They provide clinical and counseling services, assess and diagnose mental, behavioural, emotional and personality disorders. Address these issues with the aims of promoting positive change towards mental health and well-being. 


 They are trained mental health services practitioners with doctorate degrees from accredited universities. They have clinical training during their doctorate courses of study followed by postdoc training and specialization. Samples of sub specialities:

Focused on research, teaching or practice in educational settings at all levels to present and publish papers related to education

offer consulting services in educational programming, often work in interdisciplinary teams in developing and evaluating educational programs

Experimental Psychologists are focused on developing experimental psychology as a science. They work in a variety of settings, including: colleges, universities, teaching hospitals, ethical organizations, industries, and the government.

Work with legal system

Medical examiner facilities

Primarily educate on health behaviors

Develop, design, evaluate health literacy programs

Conduct job-applicant fit evaluations, organizational HR studies

Offer labor policies, leadership attributes, ergonomics related recommendations

Assess, diagnose neuro developmental or degenerative diseases listed in DSM-5 classification of MH disorders by using various neuropsychological tests, inventories, batteries

Work with medical teams for TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury), concussions, related brain functioning etc.

Study of psychic phenomena, including the search for evidence of their existence

Psychic phenomena include: premonitions (dream), telepathy, ESP (extra sensory perceptions), out-of-body experiences

Develop psychological research methods and interpretive frameworks in religion and spirituality contexts; and recommend such Religious/Spiritual understandings into clinical and other applied settings;

Shedding light on psychological study and practice from religious perspectives

Study how individuals affect and are affected by other people and by their social and physical environments.

Conduct applied research, and offer consultation services in practice in the field

Train in issues related to sports and athletes mental and emotional wellbeing

Work in a variety of settings related to serving athletes in competitive sports


They may offer spiritual support in the context of multi faith-based counseling. They receive post-graduate pastoral care training program degrees through divinity and chaplaincy programs.


Imams are usually chosen by a board of a mosque, and/or the congregants. Imams do not hold mental health degrees and are not governed or regulated under any regulatory body. Imams are usually males, though women with religious knowledge and teaching and leadership positions in a mosque often are also providing emotional support to couples, and individual women. Many mosques support mental health programs to serve communities’ mental health and social support needs. Religious community leaders are expected to point congregants to mental health and safety supports and professionals in cases of diagnosed mental illnesses and cases requiring specific and/or immediate assistance (e.g., suicide, clinical depression, domestic violence/abuse).

Life coaches

They offer a supportive presence and encouragement for individuals to help reach personal and professional goals.  Life coaches are focused on helping individuals reach their full potential, communicate effectively and tap into their specific talents and desires in life.

Life coaches help their clients in improve their relationships, careers, and day-to-day lives. Life coaches can help come up with strategies for overcoming obstacles that clients may be facing.Life coaches usually take courses in a specific type  of coaching method, though they do not have any specific regulatory body that governs them.